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Small "climb/rappel" glossary .

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  • Small "climb/rappel" glossary .

    Hi yall, depend of what you search for, but there’s plenty of good reasons to over watch the world of rocks and ropes. There’s few differences between planning a « rappel » or to climb something than perform that, but the rules are always the same. IOT understand what you may expect or if you simply wants to save money while buying a rope …

    So here’s few words and what they means, some of them are easy.

    - Dynamic belay

    Belay method to reduce the impact force during a serious fall

    - To belay

    To secure a climber

    - Belayer

    The person securing the climber

    - Up rope-Tight rope-Tight-Take in-Take

    Yelled by the leader or the follower when she/he wants a tighter belay

    - Bucket

    A large hold

    - Harness

    Climbing harness

    - Bivouac

    An uncomfortable sleeping place in the middle of a route, mainely in big wall.

    - Bouldering, to boulder

    Climbing unroped on boulders in training walls.

    - Falling

    Yelled when a climber is 'about' to fall.

    - Ice screw

    A protection device for ice climbing

    - Clove hitch

    Knot for tying in, the clove hitch is the most practical tie-in knot because it can be made with one hand and is easy to adjust.

    - Limestone

    Type of rock

    - Helmet

    Protect the head from falling stones...

    - Bowline knot

    Sailing knot

    - Climbing shoes

    Shoes made of sticky rubber

    - Chock

    Generic reference to the familly of passive wired protection devices, also called nuts, stoppers...

    - Cam

    Generic reference to the familly of spring loaded camming devices such as friends, camalots...

    - Rope

    Single Ropes are between 10 to 11mm diameter, some others more technicals could be made for dedicated activities with lower diameters.

    - Double rope or Half rope

    Half ropes are between 8.5 and 9mm diameter, for rappeling.

    - Cord

    Thin static rope from 6 to 7mm

    - Rating / Grades

    Technical difficulty of the routes, boulders...

    - Crampons

    Very pointy footwear use for ice climbing, walk on glaciers...

    - Crevasse

    A crack in the surface of a glacier

    - Crux

    The hard bit

    - Slab

    Flat and seemingly featureless, not quite vertical piece of rock

    - Pumped

    The felling of overworked muscles

    - Nut tool / Nut key

    Piece of metal that can used to remove nuts, cams

    - Quickdraw, quick

    Short sling with karabiners on either side

    - Munter hitch

    Knot used for belaying

    - "Climbing"

    Yelled when the climber inform the belayer when he is ready to climb.

    - Descender

    Device used for rappelling

    - Figure 8

    Metal rappelling/belaying device shaped like an 8.

    - To rappel / To abseil

    Descending by sliding down the rope

    - Down-climbing


    Descending the difficult way

    - Strong-Slight-Overhang

    Rock or ice that is more than vertical

    - Corner / Dihedral

    Climbing inside the corner

    - Gate

    The part of the karabiner that open

    - Double fisherman's knot

    Solid knot used to tie two ropes or pieces of webbing togheter

    - Layback / Lieback

    Climbing technique where feet and hands work in opposition

    - Slack

    Asked when the climber needs more rope.

    - Free climbing

    Moving up a rock using only hands, feet, and natural holds. Rope is only used for protection, not for progression.

    - Fall factor

    Fall factor is determined by dividing the length of a fall by the length of rope run out from the belay.

    - Cliff / Crag.

    Rock for climbing, Crag: small climbing area

    - Crack, in rock

    A gap or fissure in the rock varying in width from nail to body-width.

    Big wall

    Rock climbing that is so long and sustained that a normal ascent lasts several days.

    - Granite / Pink granite

    Type of rock

    - Climper / Edge

    A very small hold that accepts only the fingers tips.

    - To lead

    Person who leads a climb, open it.

    -Dyno / Deadpoint

    Dynamic movement towards a distant hold.

    - Jumars / Ascenders

    Devices to ascend a rope

    - Pitch

    A section of climb between two belays and no longer than the length of one rope until mainely 50 m long.

    - Chalk

    Magic powder that makes the hands stick to even the smoothest rock.

    - Pulley system

    Complicated rope setup that allows you to hoist heavy weights with relatively little force. For rescuing.

    - Top-rope

    A route that has the safety rope attached to the top of the climb.

    - Locking biner / Twistlock.

    Karabiner that can be locked

    - Biner

    Short for karabiner.

    - To clip

    Action of putting the rope through the karabiner

    -Knot

    Differents type of knots: figure of eight, clove hitch, fisherman's knot...

    - Bowline knot

    sailing knot



    - Fisherman's knot

    Simple knot to tie two ropes, the double fisherman's knot is more popular.

    - Double fisherman's knot

    Solid knot used to tie two ropes or pieces of webbing togheter.

    - Overhand knot

    The simplest type of sailing knot.

    - Woodie

    A home made climbing wall.

    - Ice axe

    Device used for ice climbing, glacier crossing.

    - Jug / Jug handle

    A very large hold.

    - Anchor

    Point where the rope is fixed via karabiner, quickdraw...

    - Leader

    Person who leads a climb.

    - On belay

    Query to verify if the belayer is ready to secure the climber.

    - Hold

    Anything that can be held on to

    - Climb when ready / Belay on

    When the balayer is ready to belay the climber.

    - Belay station.

    Two anchors mainely linked by a chain or a webbing.

    - Safe / Off belay

    When the leader said to his balayer that he is at the belay and secure.

    - Second / Following.

    The climber who follows the leader.

    - Free solo

    Free climbing without protections 'without rope'.

    - Summit

    The top of the mountain, route, rock.

    - Bolt / Ring

    Fixed protection

    -Roof

    Part of route seriously overhanding more or less horizontal.

    - Topo

    Drawing and characteristics of climbing routes.

    - Traverse

    Horizontal climbing, traverse for bouldering.

    -Route

    A certain path up a rock, mountain, ice..

    - To fall

    A dynamic retreat from a climb …




    With that I'll come back later to talk about ropes ...


    " IF AT FIRST YOU DON'T SUCCEED, USE DUCT TAPE !" said Uncle Bowe

  • #2
    " If you want peace,prepair for war "- Imi Lichtenfeld
    '' I don't like to fight, I like to win!" -Me

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    • #3
      Dom,
      Huge response coming, but need time to type it!
      CelticRaven

      -- Poor is the country with no heroes and worse yet, is the country that forgets its heroes.

      Plan for what CAN happen, not what HAS happened.
      --CelticRaven

      The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government.
      --Thomas Jefferson

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