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Small "climb/rappel" glossary .

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  • Small "climb/rappel" glossary .

    Hi yall, depend of what you search for, but there’s plenty of good reasons to over watch the world of rocks and ropes. There’s few differences between planning a « rappel » or to climb something than perform that, but the rules are always the same. IOT understand what you may expect or if you simply wants to save money while buying a rope …

    So here’s few words and what they means, some of them are easy.

    - Dynamic belay

    Belay method to reduce the impact force during a serious fall

    - To belay

    To secure a climber

    - Belayer

    The person securing the climber

    - Up rope-Tight rope-Tight-Take in-Take

    Yelled by the leader or the follower when she/he wants a tighter belay

    - Bucket

    A large hold

    - Harness

    Climbing harness

    - Bivouac

    An uncomfortable sleeping place in the middle of a route, mainely in big wall.

    - Bouldering, to boulder

    Climbing unroped on boulders in training walls.

    - Falling

    Yelled when a climber is 'about' to fall.

    - Ice screw

    A protection device for ice climbing

    - Clove hitch

    Knot for tying in, the clove hitch is the most practical tie-in knot because it can be made with one hand and is easy to adjust.

    - Limestone

    Type of rock

    - Helmet

    Protect the head from falling stones...

    - Bowline knot

    Sailing knot

    - Climbing shoes

    Shoes made of sticky rubber

    - Chock

    Generic reference to the familly of passive wired protection devices, also called nuts, stoppers...

    - Cam

    Generic reference to the familly of spring loaded camming devices such as friends, camalots...

    - Rope

    Single Ropes are between 10 to 11mm diameter, some others more technicals could be made for dedicated activities with lower diameters.

    - Double rope or Half rope

    Half ropes are between 8.5 and 9mm diameter, for rappeling.

    - Cord

    Thin static rope from 6 to 7mm

    - Rating / Grades

    Technical difficulty of the routes, boulders...

    - Crampons

    Very pointy footwear use for ice climbing, walk on glaciers...

    - Crevasse

    A crack in the surface of a glacier

    - Crux

    The hard bit

    - Slab

    Flat and seemingly featureless, not quite vertical piece of rock

    - Pumped

    The felling of overworked muscles

    - Nut tool / Nut key

    Piece of metal that can used to remove nuts, cams

    - Quickdraw, quick

    Short sling with karabiners on either side

    - Munter hitch

    Knot used for belaying

    - "Climbing"

    Yelled when the climber inform the belayer when he is ready to climb.

    - Descender

    Device used for rappelling

    - Figure 8

    Metal rappelling/belaying device shaped like an 8.

    - To rappel / To abseil

    Descending by sliding down the rope

    - Down-climbing

    Descending the difficult way

    - Strong-Slight-Overhang

    Rock or ice that is more than vertical

    - Corner / Dihedral

    Climbing inside the corner

    - Gate

    The part of the karabiner that open

    - Double fisherman's knot

    Solid knot used to tie two ropes or pieces of webbing togheter

    - Layback / Lieback

    Climbing technique where feet and hands work in opposition

    - Slack

    Asked when the climber needs more rope.

    - Free climbing

    Moving up a rock using only hands, feet, and natural holds. Rope is only used for protection, not for progression.

    - Fall factor

    Fall factor is determined by dividing the length of a fall by the length of rope run out from the belay.

    - Cliff / Crag.

    Rock for climbing, Crag: small climbing area

    - Crack, in rock

    A gap or fissure in the rock varying in width from nail to body-width.

    Big wall

    Rock climbing that is so long and sustained that a normal ascent lasts several days.

    - Granite / Pink granite

    Type of rock

    - Climper / Edge

    A very small hold that accepts only the fingers tips.

    - To lead

    Person who leads a climb, open it.

    -Dyno / Deadpoint

    Dynamic movement towards a distant hold.

    - Jumars / Ascenders

    Devices to ascend a rope

    - Pitch

    A section of climb between two belays and no longer than the length of one rope until mainely 50 m long.

    - Chalk

    Magic powder that makes the hands stick to even the smoothest rock.

    - Pulley system

    Complicated rope setup that allows you to hoist heavy weights with relatively little force. For rescuing.

    - Top-rope

    A route that has the safety rope attached to the top of the climb.

    - Locking biner / Twistlock.

    Karabiner that can be locked

    - Biner

    Short for karabiner.

    - To clip

    Action of putting the rope through the karabiner


    Differents type of knots: figure of eight, clove hitch, fisherman's knot...

    - Bowline knot

    sailing knot

    - Fisherman's knot

    Simple knot to tie two ropes, the double fisherman's knot is more popular.

    - Double fisherman's knot

    Solid knot used to tie two ropes or pieces of webbing togheter.

    - Overhand knot

    The simplest type of sailing knot.

    - Woodie

    A home made climbing wall.

    - Ice axe

    Device used for ice climbing, glacier crossing.

    - Jug / Jug handle

    A very large hold.

    - Anchor

    Point where the rope is fixed via karabiner, quickdraw...

    - Leader

    Person who leads a climb.

    - On belay

    Query to verify if the belayer is ready to secure the climber.

    - Hold

    Anything that can be held on to

    - Climb when ready / Belay on

    When the balayer is ready to belay the climber.

    - Belay station.

    Two anchors mainely linked by a chain or a webbing.

    - Safe / Off belay

    When the leader said to his balayer that he is at the belay and secure.

    - Second / Following.

    The climber who follows the leader.

    - Free solo

    Free climbing without protections 'without rope'.

    - Summit

    The top of the mountain, route, rock.

    - Bolt / Ring

    Fixed protection


    Part of route seriously overhanding more or less horizontal.

    - Topo

    Drawing and characteristics of climbing routes.

    - Traverse

    Horizontal climbing, traverse for bouldering.


    A certain path up a rock, mountain, ice..

    - To fall

    A dynamic retreat from a climb …

    With that I'll come back later to talk about ropes ...


  • #2
    " If you want peace,prepair for war "- Imi Lichtenfeld
    '' I don't like to fight, I like to win!" -Me


    • #3
      Huge response coming, but need time to type it!

      -- Poor is the country with no heroes and worse yet, is the country that forgets its heroes.

      Plan for what CAN happen, not what HAS happened.

      The strongest reason for the people to retain the right to keep and bear arms is, as a last resort, to protect themselves against tyranny in government.
      --Thomas Jefferson